Disable catchall address for all users without one:
cd /etc/valiases/ for x in *; do sed -i -e "s/\*:\s\w*\w*$/\*: :fail: no such address here/" $x; done
Clean up cpanel comet files:
From time to time you may see a server with a large amount of space used by the /root/.cpanel directory, this is usually caused by stale comet files created by cPanel. To fix this run this command. /usr/local/cpanel/bin/purge_dead_comet_files
Empty catchall inboxes (mbox):
for i in `ls /home`; do cat /dev/null > /home/$i/mail/inbox; done
domain.com. IN TXT "v=spf1 a mx ~all"
Send mail using telnet:
telnet mail.domain.ext 25 You should receive a reply like: Trying ???.???.???.???... Connected to mail.domain.ext. Escape character is '^]'. 220 mail.domain.ext ESMTP Sendmail ?version-number?; ?date+time+gmtoffset? You will then need to delcare where you are sending the email from: HELO local.domain.name - dont worry too much about your local domain name although you really should use your exact fully qualified domain name as seen by the outside world the mail server has no choice but to take your word for it as of RFC822-RFC1123. This should give you: 250 mail.domain.ext Hello local.domain.name [loc.al.i.p], pleased to meet you Now give your email address: (On many mailservers the space after the : is required rather that optional. Thanks to Justing Goldberg) MAIL FROM: email@example.com Should yeild: 250 2.1.0 firstname.lastname@example.org... Sender ok If it doesn't please see possible problems. Now give the recipients address: RCPT TO: email@example.com Should yeild: 250 2.1.0 firstname.lastname@example.org... Recipient ok If it doesn't please see possible problems. To start composing the message issue the command DATA If you want a subject for your email type Subject:-type subject here- then press enter twice (these are needed to conform to RFC 882) You may now proceed to type the body of your message (e.g. hello email@example.com from firstname.lastname@example.org) To tell the mail server that you have completed the message enter a single "." on a line on it's own. The mail server should reply with: 250 2.0.0 ???????? Message accepted for delivery You can close the connection by issuing the QUIT command. The mailserver should reply with something like:221 2.0.0 mail.domain.ext closing connection Connection closed by foreign host.
Send mail from the command line:
sendmail -t < test.eml
Exim supports PCRE for filter files. For example:
# Exim filter if not first_delivery and error_message then finish endif if $header_subject: matches "(?i)\\\\b(cialis|ambien|prozac|viagra|penis)\\\\b" or $message_body: matches "(?i)\\\\b(cialis|ambien|prozac|viagra|penis)\\\\b" then save "/dev/null" 660 endif
Filters can match *any* header. For example, to filter out spam you can set up a user level filter by editing the /home/username/etc/domain/mailuser/filter file as follows.
#Mailsecure tagged messages if $h_X-Barracuda-Spam-Flag: is "YES" then save "/home/albertav/mail/albertaventure.com/gblodgett/.spam/" 660 endif
For more details see the documentation at http://www.exim.org/exim-html-3.10/doc/html/filter_toc.html
To test a filter using the sendmail -bf command:
sendmail -bf /etc/vfilters/<domain> < test.eml
If you see an error in Thunderbird regarding weak Diffie-Hellman parameters you will need to generate a new pem file and then restart courier-imap or dovecot. You may also see an error in the mail logs similar to below.
host imapd-ssl: couriertls: accept: error:14094417:SSL routines:SSL3_READ_BYTES:sslv3 alert illegal parameter
This line will be repeated any time that Thunderbird tries to use TLS.
cd /usr/lib/courier-imap/share mv dhparams.pem dhparams.pem.old openssl dhparam -out dhparams.pem 2048 chmod 600 dhparams.pem service courier-imap restart
Filtering mail using BESS
For customers that use BESS you will need to set up a custom route in the exim configuration manager.
Add the following right below ROUTERSTART in Advanced Exim configuration:
barracuda_route: driver = manualroute domains = ! +local_domains transport = remote_smtp route_list = * d71260.o.ess.barracudanetworks.com
Force Exim to use TLS for outgoing mail
To make exim use TLS for outgoing mail you will need to set up a custom router and a custom transport. This can be done in the advanced configuration manager.
begin routers tls_router: driver = accept domains = secure.mail.com transport = tls_smtp begin transports tls_smtp: driver = smtp hosts_require_tls = *
Mutt manual - http://www.mutt.org/doc/manual/manual-4.html