How to create an SSL certificate

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Step one - create the key and request:

openssl req -new > new.cert.csr

Step two - remove the passphrase from the key (optional):

openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out new.cert.key

Step three - convert request into signed cert:

 openssl x509 -in new.cert.csr -out new.cert.cert -req -signkey new.cert.key -days 365

The Apache-SSL directives that you need to use the resulting cert are:

SSLCertificateFile /path/to/certs/new.cert.cert
SSLCertificateKeyFile /path/to/certs/new.cert.key